消费者物价指数(月比)

Datum Tid kvar   Händelse Påverkan Föregående Consensus Actual
Sep 14, 08:00  消费者物价指数(月比) 0.2% 0.2% 0.2%

消费者物价指数(月比)

消费者物价指数是由Istituto nazionale di statistica发表。CPI是衡量欧元区通胀的关键指标。什么是通胀?简单来说,通胀则表明欧元的购买力下降,每一欧元购买的商品和服务减少。CPI跟踪了一般家庭可能购买的商品和服务的价格变化。当通胀高的时候,表明欧元区国家有很大的通胀压力。这将施压欧央行升息。当CPI低于预期,则预计欧央行将减息,或者保持利率在较低的水平,以鼓励经济增长。众所周知,欧央行调整利率旨在保持消费者物价通胀在0-2%的区间内。注意:该指数以百分比的形式公布,前一年作为基准年。例:如果该数据2006年显示了103%,消费者物价调和指数与基准年2005年相比增加3%。12个欧盟成员国总的CPI是以调和物价指数出现(HICP)。另外,整个欧元区物价指数往往要比实际水平高,因为他们并没有考虑CPI一篮子商品外被消费者用来替代涨价商品的商品价格。



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